Countries map

Countries

Asia

Afghanistan

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death penalty

More info

Bangladesh

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Brunei

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death by stoning

More info

Indonesia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Eight years imprisonment and 100 lashes

More info

Iran

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death penalty

More info

Iraq

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

More info

Kuwait

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Seven years imprisonment

More info

Lebanon

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Six years imprisonment

More info

Malaysia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Twenty years imprisonment and whipping

More info

Maldives

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Eight years imprisonment and 100 lashes

More info

Myanmar

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment

More info

Oman

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment

More info

Pakistan

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death by stoning

More info

Palestine

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment

More info

Qatar

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death by stoning

More info

Saudi Arabia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death penalty

More info

Singapore

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
Maximum punishment:

Two years imprisonment

More info

Sri Lanka

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment and a fine

More info

Syria

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment

More info

Turkmenistan

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Two years imprisonment

More info

United Arab Emirates

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death penalty

More info

Uzbekistan

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment

More info

Yemen

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death penalty

More info

Africa

Algeria

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment and a fine of 10,000 Dinars

More info

Burundi

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Two years imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 Burundian Francs

More info

Cameroon

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment and a fine of 200,000 West African CFA Francs

More info

Chad

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Two years imprisonment and a fine of 500,000 West African CFA Francs

More info

Comoros

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment and a fine of 1,000,000 Comorian Francs

More info

Egypt

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment and a fine of 3,000 Lira

More info

Eritrea

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment

More info

eSwatini

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Imprisonment

More info

Ethiopia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

One year imprisonment

More info

Ghana

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment

More info

Guinea

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment and a fine of 1,000,000 Guinean Francs

More info

Kenya

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment

More info

Liberia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

One year imprisonment

More info

Libya

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment

More info

Malawi

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment with corporal punishment

More info

Mauritania

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death by stoning

More info

Mauritius

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment

More info

Morocco

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment and a fine of 1,000 Dirhams

More info

Namibia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
Maximum punishment:

Unclear

More info

Nigeria

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death by stoning

More info

Senegal

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment and a fine of 1,500,000 West African CFA Francs

More info

Sierra Leone

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Somalia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Imposes the death penalty
Maximum punishment:

Death penalty

More info

South Sudan

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment and a fine

More info

Sudan

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Tanzania

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

The Gambia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Togo

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment and a fine of 500,000 West African CFA Francs

More info

Tunisia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

Three years imprisonment

More info

Uganda

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Zambia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Zimbabwe

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

One year imprisonment and a fine

More info

Caribbean and the Americas

Barbados

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Dominica

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Twelve years imprisonment

More info

Grenada

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment

More info

Guyana

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

More info

Jamaica

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment with hard labour

More info

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment with hard labour

More info

Saint Lucia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment

More info

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment

More info

Pacific

Cook Islands

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Seven years imprisonment

More info

Kiribati

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment

More info

Papua New Guinea

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment

More info

Samoa

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment

More info

Solomon Islands

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
  • Criminalises sex between women
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment

More info

Tonga

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Ten years imprisonment

More info

Tuvalu

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sex between men
Maximum punishment:

Fourteen years imprisonment

More info

Key Facts

  • 70

    jurisdictions criminalise private, consensual, same-sex sexual activity. The majority of these jurisdictions explicitly criminalise sex between men via ‘sodomy’, ‘buggery’ and ‘unnatural offences’ laws. Almost half of them are Commonwealth jurisdictions.

  • 42

    countries criminalise private, consensual sexual activity between women using laws against ‘lesbianism’, ‘sexual relations with a person of the same sex’ and ‘gross indecency’. Even in jurisdictions that do not explicitly criminalise women, lesbians and bisexual women have been subjected to arrest or threat of arrest.

  • 11

    countries have jurisdictions in which the death penalty is imposed or at least a possibility for private, consensual same-sex sexual activity. At least 6 of these implement the death penalty – Iran, Northern Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Somalia and Yemen – and the death penalty is a legal possibility in Afghanistan, Brunei, Mauritania, Pakistan, Qatar and UAE.

  • 15

    countries criminalise the gender identity and/or expression of transgender people, using so-called ‘cross-dressing’, ‘impersonation’ and ‘disguise’ laws. In many more countries transgender people are targeted by a range of laws that criminalise same-sex activity and vagrancy, hooliganism and public order offences.

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