Saudi Arabia operates an uncodified criminal code based on Sharia law. Under this framework, sex outside marriage is illegal. As same-sex marriage is not permitted, same-sex intimacy is criminalised. The punishment varies depending on the circumstances: married men and interfaith sex are punished with the death penalty, while non-married men are punished with flogging. Sharia law principles underpinning the criminal law in Saudi Arabia also impose strict dress codes that impact on the gender expression of transgender people.
Types of criminalisation
- Criminalises sex between men
- Criminalises sex between women
- Criminalises the gender identity/expression of trans people
- Death penalty applies