Countries map

Countries

Caribbean and the Americas

Bahamas

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Life imprisonment

Chile

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Imprisonment

Paraguay

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Two years and a fine

Trinidad & Tobago

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Unclear

Africa

Congo

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Three years and a fine

Côte d’Ivoire

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Five years imprisonment and a fine

Madagascar

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Five years and a fine

Niger

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Three years and a fine

Asia

Indonesia

Criminalisation:
  • Criminalises LGBT people
  • Criminalises sexual activity between males
  • Criminalises sexual activity between females
  • Criminalises the gender expression of trans people
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Eight years imprisonment and 100 lashes

More info

Pacific

Vanuatu

Criminalisation:
  • Maintains discriminatory age of consent
Maximum punishment:

Two years

Key Facts

  • 69

    jurisdictions criminalise private, consensual, same-sex sexual activity. The majority of these jurisdictions explicitly criminalise sex between men via ‘sodomy’, ‘buggery’ and ‘unnatural offences’ laws. Almost half of them are Commonwealth jurisdictions.

  • 42

    countries criminalise private, consensual sexual activity between women using laws against ‘lesbianism’, ‘sexual relations with a person of the same sex’ and ‘gross indecency’. Even in jurisdictions that do not explicitly criminalise women, lesbians and bisexual women have been subjected to arrest or threat of arrest.

  • 11

    countries have jurisdictions in which the death penalty is imposed or at least a possibility for private, consensual same-sex sexual activity. At least 6 of these implement the death penalty – Iran, Northern Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Somalia and Yemen – and the death penalty is a legal possibility in Afghanistan, Brunei, Mauritania, Pakistan, Qatar and UAE.

  • 15

    countries criminalise the gender identity and/or expression of transgender people, using so-called ‘cross-dressing’, ‘impersonation’ and ‘disguise’ laws. In many more countries transgender people are targeted by a range of laws that criminalise same-sex activity and vagrancy, hooliganism and public order offences.

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