The Criminalisation of Consensual Same-Sex Sexual Relations Across the Commonwealth: Developments And Opportunities
Ahead of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2015 in Malta, the Human Dignity Trust in association with the Commonwealth Lawyers Association, prepared an expansive report on the extent and the consequences of the criminalisation of homosexuality within the Commonwealth.
Criminalising Homosexuality: Indicators of Good Governance
This note examines how, in addition to the criminalisation of homosexuality being an indicator of poor governance and poor human rights in and of itself, countries that criminalise tend to rank poorly on other indicators too.
Criminalising Homosexuality and Understanding the Right to Manifest Religion
This briefing note covers three points of connection between religion and the criminalisation of homosexuality. First, it looks at the origins of today’s laws that criminalise consensual same-sex intimacy. Secondly, it examines whether, as a matter of international human rights law, adherence to religious doctrine has any bearing on whether the state is permitted to criminalise homosexuality. The third part of this note then sets out statements from religious leaders confirming that the state has no business criminalising homosexuality.
Criminalising Homosexuality and LGBT Rights in Times of Conflict, Violence and Natural Disasters
LGBT people are a vulnerable group at the best of times. This note explores how during times of turmoil (conflict, natural disasters or widespread violence) this vulnerability is exacerbated, often leaving LGBT people to experience a level of violence and exclusion beyond that borne by others.
Criminalising Homosexuality and Working through International Organisations
This note investigates the role that international organisations have played in bringing about the decriminalisation of homosexuality in domestic legal systems. It looks at the historic, current and potential roles of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Union,and the Commonwealth.
Criminalising Homosexuality and International Human Rights Law
This note explores how laws that criminalise homosexuality contravene international law. Criminalisation infringes upon the rights to privacy, non-discrimination and dignity, and may amount to inhuman and degrading treatment. These rights are included in various international and regional treaties, through which states have taken on binding obligations to uphold these rights for everyone within their jurisdiction.