This note by the Human Dignity Trust explains the Ugandan Non-Governmental Organisations Bill 2015 published in the Ugandan government gazette on 10 April 2015. If passed, the Bill is likely to severely restrict the activities of NGOs, and in particular those who work in support of LGBT rights.
On 14 November 2014, the Gaborone High Court delivered a landmark judgment overturning the Department of Labour and Home Affairs’ refusal to register the organisation Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana (LEGABIBO). The case was brought by 20 individuals who argued that the refusal to register their organisation violated their constitutional rights, including their rights to freedom of association, freedom of expression, and equal protection of the law.
After the Ugandan courts suspended the Anti-Homosexuality Act (AHA) on a technical ground, the persecution of the Ugandan LGBT community continues through a new Bill, the Prohibition of Promotion of Unnatural Sexual Practices Bill, 2014 . This Human Dignity Trust’s Briefing highlights key issues. The language of the new Bill is less sensational than the AHA but it is equally draconian. This Bill expressly criminalises the non-sexual conduct of LGBT people and criminalise those who provide services to them. It may also render many LGBT people homeless.
On 29 October 2014, the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Singapore dismissed the joint appeals of Tan Eng Hong and Lim Meng Suang/Kenneth Chee Mun-Leon, who had separately challenged the constitutionality of section 377A of the Penal Code. Section 377A proscribes acts of ‘gross indecency’ between males and, in effect, criminalises male homosexuality in Singapore.
On 1 August 2014 the Ugandan Constitutional Court declared Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Act (AHA) void on the basis that Parliament did not have the required quorum when the Act was passed on 20 December 2013. Under Uganda’s Constitution, at least one-third of the members of Parliament entitled to vote must be present when proposed legislation is voted upon. The Court ruled that the AHA was passed without the required quorum, in contravention of the Constitution, and that the Speaker acted illegally in allowing a vote. This rendered the process of enactment “an illegality that [the] Court cannot sanction.”
On 9 October 2014, Gambia’s President Yahya Jammeh signed his assent to the Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2014, passed by the Gambian Parliament on 25 August 2014. The Act further criminalises the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in Gambia.