This report analyses the history, extent and nature of laws around the world which, through their existence and/or application, criminalise transgender and gender diverse people. The purpose of this report is to identify these laws, highlight particular examples of their enforcement, and examine how their mere existence renders trans and gender diverse people criminals by virtue of their gender identity and/or gender expression. The report also explores how these laws, through their existence and/or application, breach international human rights standards and norms.
This short brochure produced by the Human Dignity Trust on behalf of the Equality & Justice Alliance, contains an interview with Kim Simplis Barrow, Special Envoy for Women and Children and Spouse of the Prime Minister of Belize, in which the journey towards reform of Belize's colonial-era sexual offences laws is documented. The brochure explains the reasoning behind the reforms and the problem that existed under the previous legal regime, the process of change, the challenges that were encountered and the lessons learned during the process.
This briefing provides a legal analysis of Brunei’s Syariah Penal Code Order 2013 as it pertains to the criminalisation of consensual same-sex intimacy between men and between women, the criminalisation of the gender expression of trans and gender diverse people, and how these provisions are in violation of international human rights laws and norms.
On 6th September 2018, the Supreme Court of India held that section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which criminalised “carnal intercourse against the order of nature”, was unconstitutional to the extent that it criminalised consensual same-sex intimacy. In particular, it held that the provision violated Article 14 (equality before the law), Article 15 (prohibition of discrimination), Article 19 (freedom of expression), and Article 21 (protection of life and personal liberty - encompassing privacy, dignity and health). In doing so, the Court overruled as “constitutionally impermissible” and “fallacious” the Supreme Court’s earlier approach in Suresh Koushal v. Naz Foundation, in which it had in effect re-criminalised same-sex intimacy.
This note contains a summary of the parts of the recently issued Sri Lankan Report on Public Representations on Constitutional Reform that recommend the recognition and implementation of the rights of LGBT people. It considers the implications of this Report for the decriminalisation of same-sex relationships in the country and wider protections against persecution of and discrimination against LGBT people.
Our report Breaking the Silence: Criminalisation of Lesbians and Bisexual Women and its Impacts shows that is illegal to be a lesbian in almost a quarter of all the countries in the world. This is the first ever global in-depth analysis of how laws against homosexuality specifically impact lesbians and bisexual women.